Most Common and Effective Methods to Purify Water at Home

Consumption of contaminated water has dire consequences on our health. Water which is not purified has bacteria which spread waterborne diseases like cholera, typhoid, severe diarrhea, and guinea worm disease. It is always advisable to ensure that you always take clean, uncontaminated water. There are several ways in which water purification can be done at home. Most of which are easy and practical to use.


The first and most natural of all is boiling water. This method is the cheapest, safest and effective way of purifying water. Boiling water gets rid of almost all bacteria in the water. Boiling has to be done effectively and correctly for all pathogens to die. First, heat the water until you see bubbles which are an indicator that the water has reached 100 degrees. Let the water keep boiling for over 1 minute straight and then take it away from heat. Let it cool down and transfer it to a clean storage container. Cover the container to prevent recontamination of the water.


The second method of water purification is chlorination. This is a method that has been used for decades to purify water for consumption. It involves the use of chlorine which is a powerful and effective chemical that kills parasites, germs and any disease-causing pathogens found in water. Chlorine can be used either in tablet form or liquid form. This method is easily accessible and very affordable. The household grade chlorine is commonly called bleach and contains a percentage of about 4% to 6% chlorine. Add 2 to 3 drops of bleach every liter of water. Let the water to stand for about 30 to 40 minutes. This gives time for the chlorine to work.


Another way of purifying water is the use of iodine chemical. Like chlorine, iodine can be used in different forms, either as a tablet, liquid, tincture or crystal iodine. It is also easy to use. It kills viruses, bacteria, and germs in the water. To use tincture iodine to treat water, add about two drops of iodine for every quart of water and let the mixture stand for about 30 minutes. For the tablet and crystal iodine, it is recommended to follow the instructions given by the manufacturer.


Filtration is another good way of purifying water at home. It is very effective in removing contaminators that are large in sizes like stones, soil sediments, large bacteria, and even heavy metals.

Filtration is quick and does not affect the taste of water. There are different ways of filtering water in different parts of the world. It can be done using a cloth where raw water is passed through a cloth to filter impurities like soil. Filtration can also be done through a membrane. Here water is passed through a semi-permeable membrane to separate particles and microorganisms from the water.

There are many more different ways of purifying water at home which are easy, affordable and effective. Methods like distillation and using the sun’s UV light. These following methods always help us to have clean, purified water for drinking which is essential for the human body. Drop a comment if you have some other methods to share.